Persia, the cradle of weaving, was the place where the overwhelming variety of iconic Oriental rug patterns was born. Each weaving school, region or town had its impact on the general form of Persian rugs which have always been considered the finest of all. Herati rugs are one of the most important types of Persian carpets.
Herati is a pattern that we can also call Mahi or Fish Design. It is one of the most notable and frequently applied examples of Iranian-based motifs.
The Origins of Herati
The pattern most probably takes its name from the city of Herat in the Northwestern Afghanistan. It is possible that the poeple of Herat came up with this motif. However, some scholars attribute its creation to the Turks. Such design comprises of a stylized or naturally rendered rosette. It is enclosed in a rhombus, surrounded by four acanthus leaves. Sometimes there are also tiny flower heads around the sides and at the corners. The alternative names for Herati – Mahi or Fish – derive from the shape of the acanthus leaves. Their edges very often make them look like fish. Actually, the word “mahi” in Farsi, the Persian language, means “fish”. This would indicate Iran as the country of Herati’s origin.
The Features of Herati Rug Design
Herati usually occurs as the all-over repeated main field design. Sometimes it is a part of the intricate foliage. However, it happens that the pattern also accentuates the borders. There are no designated hues so each Mahi rug’s color palette is depends on the artistic sense of a weaver. The fish pattern is a symbol of auspiciousness. In addition, it brings good luck to a household. Herati rugs are a classic instance of the Persian sublime craftsmanship.