Ghiordes rugs, also known as Ghiordes knots or Turkish Ghiordes knots, are a type of hand-knotted rug that originated in the Ghiordes region of Turkey. These rugs are known for their intricate patterns and high-quality wool.
The process of making a Ghiordes rug is a labor-intensive and time-consuming endeavor. It begins with the selection of wool, which is typically sourced from local sheep breeds. The wool is then cleaned, spun into yarn, and dyed using natural dyes.
Next, the rug maker sketches out the design for the rug on graph paper, with each square on the paper representing a single knot on the rug. The rug maker then begins tying the knots onto the warp (vertical) threads using the weft (horizontal) threads to secure them in place. This process is known as “weaving.”
Ghiordes rugs are typically made using the Turkish knot, also known as the Ghiordes knot. This knot is small and tight, resulting in a thick, sturdy rug with a fine texture. It is also reversible, meaning the rug can be used on both sides.
Ghiordes rugs are known for their intricate patterns and attention to detail. Traditional designs often feature geometric patterns, medallions, and floral motifs. These rugs are also known for their use of bright, vibrant colors.
In addition to their beauty, Ghiordes rugs are also prized for their durability. The tight knots and high-quality wool make them resistant to wear and tear, and they can last for generations with proper care.
Today, Ghiordes rugs are collected and admired by rug enthusiasts around the world. They are a testament to the skill and artistry of the rug makers of the Ghiordes region and a beloved part of Turkish culture.