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The modern design movement emerged in the 1920's and has moved forward interpreting modern design through the mid 20th century. Modernism reflected the transition from the era of the Victorian salons into the era of cafe society.
Art Deco represented high fashion and luxury in France. The studios ofEmile Jacques Ruhlmann, Jules Leleu, Paul Follot and Maurice Dufrene are probably the best known for interior decoration. Ivan Da Silva Bruhns and Paule Leleu, the daughter of Jules Leleu designed rugs for the house of Leleu while Suzanne Guiguichon was designing rugs for Maurice Dufrene.Other important rug designers included Marion Dorn, Jules Coudyser, Rene Crevel and Vladimir Boberman. Bold colorful floral designs and graphic geometric patterns were equally popular.
Simultaneously the Bauhaus school was founded in Germany with the philosophy of marrying fine art training and apprenticeships with craftsmen andtheoretical instruction. The Bauhaus weavers included Johannes Iten, Gunta Stolz and Anni Albers. The Bauhaus school and movement is credited with having unsurpassed influence on design and is clearly apparent inScandinavian rug design.
Scandinavian rugs and most importantly Swedish Rugs have become known for intricate weaving techniques, exceptional color palettes and most importantly their compatibility with modern and also contemporary interiors. MartaMaas-Fjetterstrom is widely recognized as one of the most influentialDesigners and Weavers of Swedish rugs establishing her own company in1919. Barbro Nilsson became the director and chief designer of the company in 1942 after Marta Maas-Fjetterstroms death the year before.Other important designers of Swedish rugs in the mid century includeIngrid Dessau, Marin Hemmingson, Sigvard Bernadotte, Brita Grahn, EdnaMartin and Viola Grasten. All of whom were designing throughout the mid20th century and even later.
Rug production in China during this period was clearly influenced by theArt Deco rugs being produced in France. Chinese Deco rugs tend to be more floral than geometric but both styles were made. They do appear tohave an Asian influence as well particularly in the use of colors and occasionally bamboo vines and leaves but are clearly modern in the scale of the design.
Also included in the Vintage rugs category are Moroccan rugs which have tribal patterns that are graphic and geometric. Moroccan rug motifs influenced designers such as Ivan Da Silva Bruhn and Vladimir Boberman. American Interior Designer Francis Elkins used them in some of her most notable interiors in the 1930's and 1940's.
Simultaneously the modernist movement was growing in the United States and was widely accepted here probably as a result of major exhibitions at the Museum of Modern Art and at the Metropolitan Museum. Some of the most notable textile and rug designers working in the United States included DonaldDesky, Stanislov V's oske, Eliel Saarinen, Loja Saarinen (the mother ofEero Saarinen) and Ruth Reeves. After the close of the Bauhaus school many of the architects and designers associated with the school immigrated to The United States including Josef and Anni Albers.
Stylistically Vintage rugs have the same appeal as vintage furniture. They are clearly defined by the 20th century and by the celebration of new ideas and values for a modern lifestyle. Fine art and fine craftsmanship are the main components of Vintage Rug design.
Size: 23'4'' × 14' Circa: 1940
A mid 20th century American rag rug having a bold beige and red alternating diamond tile pattern overall within ...
Size: 10'1'' × 8'3'' Circa: 1940
A second quarter 20th century Moroccan carpet on a brick red field with abstract triangles surrounded by an allover ...
Size: 16'8'' × 16'4'' Circa: 1940
A mid 20th century Spanish rug, the striated light brown field with sparsely staggered blue and white fleurons over ...
Size: 11'2'' × 10' Circa: 1930
A second quarter 20th century Art Deco modern rug, the shaded red field with an allover design of abstract ...
Size: 17'5'' × 10'10'' Circa: 1920
A fine example from our collection of early 20th century Irish Donegal rugs, the abrashed camel field with a faint ...